Tom completed his PhD on avian influenza virus between the Pirbright Institute and Imperial College London in 2016, supervised by Professor Munir Iqbal and Professor Wendy Barclay. Tom Briefly worked at UCL on HIV and innate immune sensing in the laboratory of Greg Towers before moving to Imperial College in 2018 to again work for Professor Wendy Barclay. During this postdoc Tom initially worked on cross-species adaptation of influenza viruses before starting work on the evolution and adaptation of SARS-CoV-2 during the pandemic, chiefly as a member of the UK G2P virology consortium. Also during the pandemic Tom was seconded part time to UKHSA as an advisor on SARS-CoV-2 variants. Most recently Tom has been involved with the flu-map consortium investigating the drivers of the current H5N1 avian influenza panzootic.