Preface content

Viruses we study

Our research focuses on viruses that are potentially devastating for the economy, food security and the wellbeing of animals and humans. These include diseases like foot-and-mouth disease and bluetongue, which affect certain livestock, and zoonotic viruses like avian and swine influenza that can spread from animals to humans.

A B C E F H I L M N P R S T V
African horse sickness virus's default image African horse sickness virus (AHSV) infects all equine species and is often fatal in horses and mules. It is from the family Reoviridae of the genus Orbivirus and there are 9 types (serotypes). AHSV is unenveloped and made up of...
African swine fever virus (ASFV) infects domestic pigs and wild boars with the virulence being highly variable. It belongs to the Asfarviridae family, genus Asfivirus and is an enveloped capsid virus containing a double-stranded DNA genome. African swine...
Avian influenza (AI) viruses, commonly known as bird flu, infect a wide range of hosts, including humans and swine. The natural reservoir lies in populations of wild aquatic birds such as ducks and shorebirds. AI viruses are members of...
Avian leukosis virus's default image Avian leukosis virus (ALV) infects mainly chickens but can also infect pheasants, partridges and quail. It belongs to the Alpharetrovirus genus of the family Retroviridae. It is divided into subgroups A, B, C, D, E and J, depending...
There are over 27 different types (serotypes) of bluetongue virus (BTV) which can infect domestic animals such as sheep, goats, and cattle, along with wild animals like buffaloes, deer, antelope and camels. BTV belongs to the family Reoviridae , genus...
Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is a respiratory virus that infects mainly cattle, but can also infect sheep and goats. It can vary in its ability to cause disease, ranging from fatal to no clinical signs shown. BRSV can also...
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) can infect humans, but it has natural reservoirs in monkeys, birds, cattle, and rodents. It is a member of the Togaviridae family of viruses, in the alphavirus genus. Because it is mainly transmitted by mosquitoes,...
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) infects pigs and wild boar. It belongs to the genus Pestivirus in the family Flaviviridae , where only one serotype has been classified, but multiple strains exist which vary in virulence. CSFV is an...
EHDV's default image Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) mainly infects deer, but sheep and cattle can also be infected. It belongs to the family Reoviridae , genus Orbivirus , and 8 or more serotypes have been found. EHDV has a double layered capsid...
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infects cloven hoofed (two-toed) mammals such as cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and various wildlife species. The virus belongs to the family Picornaviridae , genus Aphthovirus . FMDV is a non-enveloped virus with a single stranded RNA...
Human rhinovirus's default image The human rhinoviruses (HRVs) infect the cells in the human respiratory system. They are among the smallest types of virus and there are over 100 recognised serotypes. HRVs belong to the genus Enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family and are...
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a highly infectious avian pathogen which affects the respiratory tract, gut, kidney and reproductive systems. It belongs to the Coronavirus family, genus Gammacoronavirus which has a single stranded RNA genome, surrounded by a nucleocapsid...

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