Alpha/beta and gamma interferons are induced by infection with noncytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus in vivo
In contrast to the results of previous in vitro studies, experimental infection of calves with noncytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus (ncpBVDV) was found to induce strong alpha/beta and gamma interferon responses in gnotobiotic animals. These responses were associated with depressed levels of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) in serum. The results of this study indicate that the immunosuppression caused by ncpBVDV is not associated with low interferon responses or elevated levels of TGF-beta.
Charleston B, Brackenbury L S, Carr B V, Fray M D, Hope J C, Howard C J, Morrison W I
Citation: Journal of Virology 76, 923-927