Regulation of avian leukosis virus subgroup J replication by Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

Wnt/β-catenin signaling is a highly conserved pathway related to a variety of biological processes in different cells. The regulation of replication of various viruses by Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway has been reported. However, the interaction between the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and avian leukosis virus is unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effect of modulating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway during avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) infection. The activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway by GSK-3 inhibitor increased ALV-J mRNA, viral protein expression, and virus production in CEF cells. This increase was suppressed by iCRT14, one of the specific inhibitors of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Moreover, treatment with iCRT14 reduced virus titer and viral gene expression significantly in CEF and LMH cells in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibition Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by knockdown of β-catenin reduced virus proliferation in CEF cells also. Collectively, these results suggested that the status of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway modulated ALV-J replication. These studies extend our understanding of the role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in ALV-J replication and make a new contribution to understanding the virus–host interactions of avian leukosis virus.

Trim content

® The Pirbright Institute 2022 | A company limited by guarantee, registered in England no. 559784. The Institute is also a registered charity.