Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an oncolytic agent against various types of mammalian cancers. As with all cancer therapies, the development of cancer resistance, both innate and acquired, is becoming a challenge. In this study, we investigated persistently NDV-infected Caco-2 colon cancer cells, designated as virus-resistant (VR) Caco-2 cells, which were then able to resist NDV-mediated oncolysis. We applied single-cell Raman spectroscopy, combined with deuterium isotope probing (Raman-DIP) techniques, to investigate the metabolic adaptations and dynamics in VR Caco-2 cells. A linear discriminant analysis (LDA) model demonstrated excellent performance in differentiating VR Caco-2 from Caco-2 cells at single-cell level. By comparing the metabolic profiles in a time-resolved manner, the de novo synthesis of proteins and lipids was found upregulated, along with decreased DNA synthesis in VR Caco-2. The results suggest that VR Caco-2 cells might reprogram their metabolism and divert energy from proliferation to protein synthesis and lipidic modulation. The ability to identify and characterise single resistant cells among a population of cancer cells would help develop a deeper understanding of the resistance mechanisms and better tactics for developing effective cancer treatment.