Involvement of LFA-1/ICAM-2 adhesive interactions and PKC in activation-induced cell death following SEB rechallenge

Ligation of T-cell receptor (TCR) causes mature T cells to proliferate or, on re-exposure to antigen, can cause them to die by activation-induced cell death (AICD). In proliferative responses, costimulatory and adhesive interactions are required and activation of protein kinase C (PKC) has been shown to be essential. Whether or not interactions involving costimulatory signals and PKC have a role in facilitating AICD remains unclear. Here we have examined the role of CD28/B7 and leucocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1)/intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) mediated interactions in AICD triggered by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEE) in murine lymph node T cells. We show that, after a primary proliferative response to SEE, LFA-1/ICAM-2 adhesive interactions can play a part in AICD following SEE rechallenge, while B7 and ICAM-1 mediated interactions are not essential for this process. In addition, using a highly selective PKC inhibitor, Ro31.8425, we show that PKC activation is essential for the regulation of AICD by SEE rechallenge.

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