Inactivation of foot-and-mouth disease virus A/IRN/8/2015 with commercially available lysis buffers

Laboratories working with foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) must maintain a high level of biocontainment. However, if infectious virus is reliably inactivated during sample processing, molecular and serological testing can be performed at a lower level of containment. In this study, three commercial lysis buffers (AL, AVL, and MagMAX CORE) were tested in two laboratories for their ability to inactivate FMDV A/IRN/8/2015 in different sample matrices (cell culture supernatant, epithelial tissue suspension and milk). Residual infectivity after the addition of lysis buffer was evaluated by inoculating susceptible cell cultures. No cytopathic effect was observed for all three lysis buffers, indicating that the buffers are capable of reducing viral infectivity (estimated range 3.1 to >5.1 Log10). These results highlight the capacity of lysis buffers to decrease FMDV infectivity; however, additional validation experiments should be conducted, particularly if different sample matrices and/or lysis buffers are used.

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