Combining a universal capture ligand and pan-serotype monoclonal antibody to develop a pan-serotype lateral flow strip test for foot-and-mouth disease virus detection

Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes FMD, a highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals including cattle, goats, pigs and sheep. Rapid detection of FMDV is critical to limit the devastating economic losses due to FMD. Current laboratory methods for FMDV detection such as virus isolation, real-time reverse transcription PCR and antigen detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (AgELISA) are labor-intensive, requiring trained personnel and specialized equipment. We present the development and validation of a pan-serotype lateral flow strip test (LFST) that uses recombinant bovine integrin αvβ6 as a universal capture ligand and a pan-serotype monoclonal antibody (mAb) to detect FMDV. The LFST detected all seven FMDV serotypes, where the diagnostic sensitivity was comparable to the AgELISA, and the diagnostic specificity was 100% without cross-reactivity to other viruses causing vesicular disease in livestock. This rapid test will be useful for on-site FMDV detection, as well as in laboratories in endemic countries where laboratory resources are limited. 

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