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Viruses we study

Our research focuses on viruses that are potentially devastating for the economy, food security and the wellbeing of animals and humans. These include diseases like foot-and-mouth disease and bluetongue, which affect certain livestock, and zoonotic viruses like avian and swine influenza that can spread from animals to humans.

A B C E F H I L M N P R S T V
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infects both domestic and wild birds, and targets the immune system tissues. This results in immunosuppression, leaving infected chickens open to other infections such as E. coli , Salmonella and Mycoplasma . IBDV belongs...
Influenza viruses (commonly known as flu) infect a wide range of hosts, including humans and swine, but the natural reservoir lies in populations of wild aquatic birds such as ducks and shorebirds. Influenza viruses are members of the family Orthmyxoviridae...
Langat virus (LGTV) belongs to the Flaviviridae family, genus Flavivirus . LGTV is a tick-borne flavivirus of naturally low pathogenicity belonging to the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) complex. It is enveloped, containing a capsid and single stranded RNA genome. Associated...
Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) is a poxvirus within the genus Capripoxvirus . It is genetically very similar to the other two Capripoxvirus species Sheeppox virus and Goatpox virus . LSDV causes lumpy skin disease (LSD) in cattle and...
Marek’s disease virus (MDV) infects poultry. It is a member of the Herpesviridae family, in the genus Mardivirus and it can be divided into pathotypes that are dependent on virulence: mild (m), virulent (v), very virulent (vv), and...
Nairobi sheep disease virus (NSDV) infects sheep and goats and is transmitted by ticks. The virus belongs to the family Bunyaviridae , in the genus Nairovirus . NSDV has a single-stranded RNA genome, that is surrounded by a capsid and...
The Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infects domestic and wild birds, having been described in at least 241 species. NDV is an enveloped, single stranded RNA virus within the family of Paramyxoviridae , genus Avulavirus . There are ten serotypes of...
Poliovirus (PV) infects humans and is highly infectious. It belongs to the genus Enterovirus , under the family Picornaviridae . There are three serotypes; PV1, PV2, and PV3, but PV1 is the most common serotype. PV has a single...
Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), also known as goat plague, is highly contagious and infects small ruminants such as sheep and goats. Cattle and pigs can be infected but don’t develop any clinical signs. The virus belongs to the...
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infects domestic pigs. It belongs to the family Arteriviridae , genus Arterivirus and there are two genotypes – 1 (European) and 2 (North American). Highly pathogenic strains of the North American genotype...
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a vector-borne disease of sheep, cattle and goats which humans are susceptible to. RVFV belongs to the Bunyaviridae family within the genus Phlebovirus . It is an enveloped virus containing a capsid and...
Rinderpest virus infects cattle, buffalo and yaks but animals such as eland, giraffe, wildebeest, kudu and various antelopes can also carry the virus. Rinderpest virus belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family, genus Morbillivirus . The virus has an envelope and...

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